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7 Steps of Farming Maize

Apr. 25, 2024

Maize is an important food crop with high nutritional value and yield, and occupies an important position in our agricultural production. In order to improve the yield and quality of corn, it is very important to master the correct planting methods. The following will introduce the cultivation and deep processing methods of corn, hoping to help the majority of farmers and friends.

Ⅰ. Selection and preparation of land

Choose a flat terrain, deep soil, good drainage, moderate fertility of the land for corn planting. Before planting, land preparation, ploughing the soil, broken soil, improve soil permeability and water retention capacity. At the same time, weeds and residues should be removed to ensure that the land is clean and tidy.

Ⅱ. choose good maize seeds

Selecting corn varieties with strong adaptability, good disease resistance, high yield and good quality is the key to successful planting. According to local climatic conditions, soil fertility, market demand and other factors to choose suitable varieties. When choosing varieties, pay attention to understand the varieties of fertility, plant height, spike type, grain type and other characteristics, as well as disease resistance, resistance and other performance.

Ⅲ. sowing and density

Corn sowing time should be based on local climatic conditions, generally suitable for sowing in the spring and summer. In the sowing, to ensure that the sowing depth is appropriate, so that the seeds can fully absorb water and nutrients. At the same time, attention should be paid to the control of planting density, according to the characteristics of varieties and soil fertility and other factors to determine the planting density, to ensure that there is enough space between the plants for photosynthesis and growth.

Ⅳ. fertiliser and watering

Fertilisation and watering is an important part of the growth process of corn. In the fertilization, according to soil fertility and species characteristics to determine the amount of fertilizer and the use of methods, generally divided into two ways of fertiliser and fertilizer. Base fertiliser to organic fertiliser, can improve soil structure, improve soil fertility; fertiliser to chemical fertiliser, can meet the nutritional needs of the plant growth process. When watering, according to the climatic conditions and soil moisture to determine the watering time and amount of water, to ensure that the plant growth of the required water supply.

Ⅴ. field management

Field management is an important part of ensuring high yield and quality of corn. In the process of corn growth, we should carry out timely ploughing and weeding, loosening soil moisture, pest control and other work. Ploughing and weeding can keep the soil loose and promote the growth of the root system; loosening and preserving soil moisture can prevent evaporation of soil moisture and maintain soil humidity; controlling pests and diseases can ensure the healthy growth of the plant. In the process of field management, we should pay attention to observe the growth of plants and changes in soil fertility, and make timely adjustments and management.

Ⅵ. harvest and storage

When the stems and leaves of the maize plant turn yellow and the cob becomes hard, it can be harvested. When harvesting, it is necessary to ensure that the ears are fully mature, to avoid harvesting too early or too late to affect the yield and quality. After harvesting, the corn should be dried or dried in time to prevent mould and deterioration. When storing, attention should be paid to moisture-proof, insect-proof, rodent-proof and other measures to ensure that the quality and safety of the storage period

Ⅶ. maize grinding and powder making

All dry production of corn flour process: the process will be cleaned up after the corn, water wetting treatment, and then directly crushed for grinding and sieving, while equipped with different specifications of the sieve silk, in order to produce a different coarseness and fineness and precision of the corn flour or corn grits.

Corn embryo milling process: This process extracts both grits and embryo during corn processing.

Corn co-production: this refers to the process of extracting corn grits, corn embryo and a variety of corn flour at the same time during the deep processing of corn.

In addition, the corn processing equipment has strong ability in grits and milling, and the quality of processed corn flour is superior. Its processing capacity is large, and the process adopts the all-dry method for corn dehulling technology, which is the commonly used way nowadays, and can quickly produce various parts of corn with different requirements, such as grits and corn husk.